A grandmother whose body was found on moorland in Calderdale may have been killed with a kick or stamp to the head, a court heard.
Pamela Jackson suffered a minimum of four blows to the head and a catalogue of injuries including a fractured skull.
Prosecutors claim Adrian Muir, 50, murdered the 55-year-old at her Chester-le-Street home before burying her body 120 miles away on the moors, just off Turvin Road, Cragg Vale.
Muir from Calder Terrace, Copley, denies murder and is being tried by a jury at Newcastle Crown Court.
Mrs Jackson was last seen at her home by members of her family on March 2.
Her body was found, buried with a bunch of flowers in a plastic bag, two months later.
Pathologist Jennifer Bolton told jurors it has not been possible to determine exactly when Mrs Jackson died.
She told the court: “I can’t say a time of death but it is in keeping with her having died on the last occasion she was seen alive on March 2.”
Dr Bolton said Ms Jackson had “survived less than 35 minutes” after her injuries were inflicted.
The doctor added: “Pamela Jackson died as a result of blunt force head injury.
“It raises the possibility this injury has been caused by a kick or stamp to the head.”
Dr Bolton said the fatal blow could have been caused by a weapon, multiple heavy punches or a fall against a hard surface but said she “favoured” the kick or stamp theory.
She added: “I favour a kick or a stamp because of the size of the bruising and the fracture.”
Ms Jackson’s other injuries included a black eye, bruising to the bridge of her nose and fractures to her jaw.