There are many towns and villages in Calderdale and a number of them have very unusual names

How Calderdale towns and villages got their names and what they mean

There are many towns and villages in Calderdale and a number of them have very unusual names.

Where did they come from, how long have they been around and what do they mean? From Halifax to Hebden Bridge and Sowerby Bridge to Shelf here are the origins of Calderdale town and village names.

The name of Halifax, first recorded in about 1091 as Halyfax, comesfrom the Old English 'halh-gefeaxe', meaning "area of coarse grass in the nook of land".

1. Halifax

The name of Halifax, first recorded in about 1091 as Halyfax, comesfrom the Old English 'halh-gefeaxe', meaning "area of coarse grass in the nook of land".
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Elland was recorded as Elant in the 1086 Domesday Book and the town's name is derived from the Old English meaning 'land by the water, river or land partly or wholly surrounded by water'.

2. Elland

Elland was recorded as Elant in the 1086 Domesday Book and the town's name is derived from the Old English meaning 'land by the water, river or land partly or wholly surrounded by water'.
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The generally accepted meaning of Todmorden's name is 'Totta's boundary-valley' which is thought to be a reference to the valley running north-west from the town. The name Todmorden first appears in 1641.

3. Todmorden

The generally accepted meaning of Todmorden's name is 'Totta's boundary-valley' which is thought to be a reference to the valley running north-west from the town. The name Todmorden first appears in 1641.
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The name Northowram, or North-over-ham, is thought to indicate a meaning similar to 'north above town' as 'ham' in Anglo Saxon Old English means town.

4. Northowram

The name Northowram, or North-over-ham, is thought to indicate a meaning similar to 'north above town' as 'ham' in Anglo Saxon Old English means town.
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